Produced by plants, fungi, bacteria, and algae, spores are cells that depend on asexual reproduction, meaning they are able develop a new individual without fusion.  In essence, they don’t need a “mate” in order to reproduce, differing them from organisms that reproduce via sexual reproduction.  

Resilient Bacteria

Spore cells are very resilient bacteria due to their ability to maintain in unfavorable conditions and their ability to germinate after years of being dormant.  Their role in the life cycle of bacteria is that of a dormant stage which enables their preservation during unfavorable conditions.

Spores and seeds

They serve a function similar to seeds in plants when it comes to fungi.  Fungal spores are released via fruiting bodies similar to “mushrooms” and germinate in moist conditions and food availability.